Origin Kizomba

Kizomba is a musical genre and style of dance originating in Angola, wrongly confused with zouk , due to the pace to be very similar. In Portugal the word “Kizomba” is used for any kind of derivative of zouk music, even if not of Angolan origin.


In the decades of 1950 and 1960 in Angola was danced on the big binge, known as “kizombadas” many typically Angolan musical styles such as the Angolan merengue the Semba , the maringa and expires (which led to the rivets ). The Kizomba, such as dance, originated precisely in these binges, with renowned dancers as Matthew Skin Angry, John and Joan Comet Leg Mbunco or Jack Rumba, who was best known and wrote down the notorious past of their display styles to rhythm Semba . These past have evolved over time to a slower style also following a less run rhythm Semba , as typical in the 1970s and known for slow Semba , a less traditional pace but more to the liking of young people, making it a mix of rhythms and flavors, full dance of warmth and sensuality that presents a real complicity and empathy among peers 1 . This style began to evolve between 1980 and 1981 with groups like The flares , a group linked to FAPLA and led by Bel Samba and Afro Sond Star who mixed the slow Semba with kilapanda leading to the appearance of rhythm known as Kizomba 2 3 .

The term Kizomba also appears on the style in 1981, through the “Bibi King last”, percussionist of SOS , a group that joining other styles, like the Angolan merengue, the rhythms developed by other contemporary groups, developed a more attractive sound and dancing that began circulating by the Angolan binge . One member of this group was Eduardo Paim that after the dissolution of SOS, moved to Portugal Taking with him the Kizomba rhythm, which began garnering fans in land Lusaka but wrongly confused with a variant of Zouk .

Musical structure 

The Kizomba is usually marked by a strong beat in 4/4 rhythm, given by a bass drum as the deaf , accompanied by a melody gave a shock plate . In the introduction and during the bridges , the strong beat is often omitted, leaving only the melody given by the shock plate and the other instruments battery.

Confusion with the zouk

The zouk arises in the West Indies at the beginning of the 1980s by the hand of the group Kassav ‘ , through a mix of calypso , a musical style africanCaribbean , and the makossa , a musical style originating in the urban areas of Cameroon (hence be so close to Kizomba), and appears in Europe , imposing with that name in 1985 through music ” Zouk la sé SEL médickaman nou ni “who coined the style named zouk . Note that zouk was not the name of the musical style in fact the Kassav ‘had never given this name to the style that developed, meaning zouk in Creole in Haiti , “spree”. In other words the name of the song in Portuguese, “The spree is the only drug we have.” As in France few people understand Creole, and the name that protrudes title was zouk , the style has become well known.

In this context, many Cape Verdean emigrants in France have contact with the zouk and zouk mix with the splicer , creating the glue-zouk , very similar to Kizomba derivative and typically sung in Creole Cape Verde . Is this rhythm that got mixed up with the Kizomba and you hear by Portugal when Eduardo Paim there comes and releases his first album with kizombas, being accused of creating a bad imitation of zouk 2 . Presently, the Lusophone countries and communities around the world, and because it is very difficult to distinguish between zouk, zouk and kizomba glue, all these styles are called kizombas, however a rude and generally can be said that zouk is sung in French, cola-zouk in Cape Verde Creole and Kizomba in Portuguese.

Some artists known

Among many of the artists who spread and even spread the Kizomba, stand out: Nelson Freitas , Ricky Boy, Djodje, Denis Grace , Mika Mendes , ELJI Beatzkilla, C4 Pedro , Eduardo Paim , Ruca Van Dunem, Luandino Carvalho, Ricardo Abreu, Celma Ribas, Don Kikas , Brothers Truths , Yola Semedo , Anselmo Ralph , Maya Cool , Yola Araujo , Eddy Cough , Tó Semedo, Loony Johnson, G-Amado, Badoxa, Master Jake, Hugo Pina and others.

In Brazil 

In Brazil the first artist to record Kizomba was the São Paulo singer Paul Mac.  But the pace became known in the country when the singer Kelly Key Recorded the album In Control , released on February 3, 2015, focusing on the sound and setting aside its traditional R & B and dance-pop 5 According to Kelly’s intention was to look exactly the originally in an unknown style in Brazil:. “I’m running from this responsibility of being cliche’ve wanted to record Kizomba 13 years ago Today I feel more mature, and I’m more! knowledge of the movement as a whole. ”

Other meanings 

Kizomba also means festival of the people, and the source name in the dance of blacks who resisted slavery. It was congregation, fellowship, resistance. A call to fight for freedom and justice. Kizomba was party and cultural resistance of a people. It was the exaltation of life and liberty . It should be noted that this interpretation of the word Kizomba and their origin in Kimbundu is already reported in 1894 in the Bulletin of the American Geographical Society of New York 8 .

Kizomba is a current within the Brazilian student movement.

Kizomba is also the name of an Angolan oil rig .

Schools kizomba the world 

Today the Kizomba has had plenty of grip for Europeans and Americans, and there is a great tendency professionals Angolans in the art of dance Kizomba;these migrate to these parts of the world because of the employment opportunities in the teaching area in dance schools. There has already been some Kizomba contests in some clubs in Europe and America because the style has had a lot of expansion, like other styles, because of its folklore full of pace.

The text was extracted from wikipedia.

Author: Jay Nandu


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